Robert Adam 1728 - 1792
This famous Scottish neoclassical architect was born in Kirkcaldy and studied at Edinburgh University. His work includes the stunning Hopetoun House to the west of Edinburgh, Culzean Castle in Ayrshire and the exquisite Charlotte Square, home to the Georgian House, in Edinburgh.
Sir William Arrol 1839 - 1913
The son of a spinner, Arrol was born in Renfrewshire and gained lasting fame through two major projects. His engineering business constructed the new 85 span Tay Railway Bridge (1882-1887) and the Forth Railway Bridge (1883-1890), which at the time had the longest single cantilever bridge span in the world.
Andrew Meikle 1719 - 1811
Born in East Lothian, Meikle worked as a millwright at Houston Mill in East Linton, where he began experimenting with mechanical devices. His achievements include the invention of the threshing machine, a pivotal advancement in agriculture, which was used to remove the outer husks from grain.
Thomas Telford 1757 - 1834
The son of an Eskdalemuir shepherd, he served his apprenticeship as a stone mason, putting him in good stead as a civil engineer. His creations include the Dean Bridge in Edinburgh, the Caledonian Canal, linking the east and west coasts of Scotland and the Gotha Canal in Sweden.
James Watt 1736 - 1819
A native of Greenock, Inverclyde, James Watt became interested in steam engine technology while working as an instrument maker at the University of Glasgow. He introduced designs to reduce waste and improve the efficiency of steam engines and created the concept of horsepower. The watt, the SI unit of energy, is named after him.