History of Loch Lomond, The Trossachs, Stirling & Forth Valley

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Discover a region where famous battles occurred, where national heroes were born and where Scottish royalty held court.

Stirling Castle, perched on Castle Rock, is one of Scotland’s most spectacular castles. Step inside the Royal Palace and visit the Great Hall, the largest banqueting hall ever built in medieval Scotland. Don’t miss the Royal Apartments of James V and Mary of Guise, which have recently been restored to their colourful Renaissance glory.

The National Wallace Monument overlooks the scene of Scotland’s victory at the Battle of Stirling Bridge. Learn the story of William Wallace, see the Hall of Heroes and climb the 246 steps to the Crown for incredible views of Stirling, its castle, the Forth Valley and the Ochil Hills. 

Robert the Bruce - Wallace’s successor - led the battle against the English at Bannockburn in 1314. Bruce’s men drove King Edward II’s army homewards, marking a significant milestone in the Scottish Wars of Independence. Walk the battlefield and visit the Bannockburn Heritage Centre.

A section of the Antonine Wall runs through Falkirk’s Callendar Park. The wall dates from around AD 142 and was built by the Romans as a barrier against the northern tribes. It stretched for 37 miles but was abandoned when the Romans retreated to Hadrian’s Wall.

Follow in the footsteps of Scottish folk hero and outlaw Rob Roy MacGregor by taking to the Rob Roy Way which passes through Aberfoyle and Callander. MacGregor’s grave is in the churchyard at Balquhidder.

Discover the area's industrial heritage at the century-old Titan Crane, which towers 150 ft over the River Clyde. Head up the heights of the crane and see exhibits which explain the history of one of Scotland's most unusual engineering feats.

  • Looking through the trees to the National Wallace Monument, Stirling
    The National Wallace Monument, Stirling
  • Alloa Tower, Clackmannanshire
    Alloa Tower, Clackmannanshire
  • Looking up at a statue of Robert the Bruce on the castle esplanade with the National Wallace Monument behind, Stirling
    A statue of Robert the Bruce with the National Wallace Monument behind, Stirling
River Teith at Callander

Callander Heritage Trail

The Callander History and Heritage Trail is a compelling journey through Callander's rich history and culture.

Castle Campbell


Follow the history timeline of Loch Lomond, The Trossachs, Stirling & Forth Valley at these attractions and battle sites.

Looking onto the Falkirk Wheel

Falkirk Heritage Trail

Follow the Falkirk Heritage Trail, a series of 25 historic sites in the town marked by information plaques.

Alloa Tower, Clackmannanshire

Clackmannanshire Tower Trail

Follow the Clackmannanshire Tower Trail, a route taking you around four tower houses and one manor house.

Looking up at a statue of Robert the Bruce on the castle esplanade with the National Wallace Monument behind, Stirling

Robert the Bruce

Experience the story of Robert the Bruce by visiting buildings, fields and caves which played an important role in his life.

The Robert the Bruce statue at Bannockburn


Almost 700 years ago, Robert the Bruce and his men engaged in a battle against the English at Bannockburn, south of Stirling.

The view from the battlements of Stirling Castle

Historic attractions

This beautiful region gives visitors plenty of opportunities to immerse themselves in the region's fascinating history, from the roman ruins of the Antonine Wall to the Rob Roy Way which traces the footsteps of the infamous outlaw.