In Edinburgh itself, the picturesque Water of Leith runs through very close to the centre. Both the Water of Leith, and Duddingston Loch, in the shadow of the dormant volcano of Arthur's Seat, are home to a range of birds and mammals including great spotted woodpeckers, sparrow hawks, grey herons and even otters.
In the west of Edinburgh, Corstorphine Hill is a natural habitat for deer, foxes, squirrels and even badgers, which you can see on special guided tours. Holyrood Park offers a dramatic getaway from the city that is home to wildlife such as ravens, buzzards, sparrowhawks and the small but predatory stoats.
The region boasts a number of excellent parks including Beescraig, Vogrie and John Muir Country Parks which are teeming with all manner of wildlife, while there are also several zoos and other captive wildlife attractions that are ideal for a family day out.
East Lothian in particular is a mecca for birdwatchers, particularly those roosting on the islands out in the Firth of Forth which you can get up close to on a wildlife cruise or watch via a live video feed at the excellent Scottish Seabird Centre at North Berwick.