The Kingdom of Fife has long been associated with Scotland’s ancient monarchy and was once the seat of political power in Scotland for more than 500 years. That ancient capital was situated in Dunfermline, on the southern boundary of Fife. No visit to the town would be complete without stopping off at the beautiful Dunfermline Abbey and Palace, the final resting place of many of Scotland’s kings and queens, including Robert the Bruce.
Further along the coast between Burntisland and Kinghorn you will find a monument commemorating the spot where King Alexander III was killed when he fell off his horse. It was upon his death that Edward I of England began his attempt to take control of Scotland. This led to a long period of wars and the rise of the heroic William Wallace and Robert the Bruce.
Explore Fife’s royal connections with a walk around Falkland Palace, the grand country residence of the Stuart monarchs and home to the oldest Royal tennis court in Britain, built for James V in 1539. Other castles not to be missed include include St Andrews Castle, the once mighty administrative centre of the Scottish church, Ravenscraig Castle in Kirkcaldy, one of the earliest artillery forts in Scotland and look out for ruins of MacDuff Castle and Wemyss Castle, both of which are said to be haunted.
The Wemyss Caves contain marking from three different eras, Pictish, Christian and Viking, all dating between AD 500 and AD 900. There are also a number of ancient Iron Age hill forts and hut circles at Norman’s Law, Glenduckie Hill, and in north west Fife bordering Perthshire you will find the Carpow Roman camp.
There are also several Stone Age sites including the Green Hill Cairn by Coultra and three 6,000 year old stone obelisks next to the second hole on Lundin Links Golf Course. Don’t forget to visit the prehistoric coffins, stone circles and Roman urns of the mystical Devilla Forest.
With so much history concentrated in one region it is no wonder the area boasts the oldest free games in Scotland, the Ceres Highland Games. Marvel at great displays of strength involving caber tossing, hammer throwing and tug o’ war as well as enjoying piping and Highland dance competitions. The towns of Inverkeithing, Markinch, Cupar, Newburgh, and Burntisland all host their own unique Highland games. You can also witness a spectacular selection of events and local culture and the annual St Andrews Festival.
Discover wildlife and explore exciting attractions by taking a walk along the Fife Coastal Path. This beautiful walk covers an amazing 117 miles and a number of award-winning Blue Flag beaches as it winds its way along the edge of Fife. In fact, the stunning, pristine beaches around Fife’s sparkling coastline make it the ideal place to try a range watersports, such as windsurfing, sailing and canoeing.
The ever changing sand dune landscape of Tentsmuir National Nature Reserve is home to thousands of migrating birds as well as both grey and common seals. In recent years the UK’s largest bird of prey the white-tailed eagle has been spotted on the reserve. At the Scottish Deer Centre in Cupar, you can see a wolf pack, now lost to the wild, 14 species of deer from around the world, and spectacular falconry displays.
Visit the dedicated Brave site for more information.