Aged almost 18
During 1560 France suffered military setbacks, and on 6 July signed the Treaty of Edinburgh, which ended French occupation of Scotland. François and Mary were obliged to withdraw their troops, and desist from displaying English arms. During the autumn François became increasingly ill, and died from the complications of an ear condition, in Orléans, Loiret. Since the marriage had borne no children, the French throne passed to his ten-year-old brother, Charles IX. Mary was said to be grief-stricken, but her role in France had come to an end.
Palace of Holyroodhouse A portrait by François Clouet, showing Mary wearing white – en deuil blanc – the traditional mourning colour of the French royal family can be seen in Mary's Outer Chamber as can a jewelled pendant with skull cameos, which dates from Mary’s period of mourning.