The sacrifice of the Scots who served with the British Army during the First World War cannot be overstated. Of those who served, it is estimated that over a quarter were killed. But Scotland’s unique martial contribution and heritage long precedes the advent of the Great War.
At the beginning of the 20th century, Scots may not have fought in the same numbers that they had in previously centuries, but the military traditions of the tartan, kilt and bagpipes had become intrinsic emblems of Scottish identity. Meanwhile local territorial forces continued to play a significant role in community life, especially in rural parts of the country. This instilled a sense of shared heritage and national pride which no doubt encouraged an estimated 688,000 Scotsmen to enlist in their droves over the course of the conflict, leading to the creation of what became known as the New Army.
Discover Scottish infantry regiments and the single cavalry regiment which served in the First World War. Learn about their origins, traditions and service leading up to and during the Great War, and the regimental museums across the country where you learn more.