1801 - The population of Edinburgh is approaching 100,000.
1802 - 1806 - The Bank of Scotland head office is built.
1816 - The Nelson Monument is erected on Calton Hill.
1817 - The Scotsman newspaper is launched.
1818 - Calton Hill observatory is founded by the Edinburgh Astronomical Institution.
1822 - The last public whipping takes place in Edinburgh.
1822 - George IV visits Edinburgh Castle, making him the first ruling sovereign to do so in 189 years.
1824 - Edinburgh Town Council makes a decision to found the Edinburgh Municipal Fire Brigade, the first proper fire brigade in Britain.
1824 - A huge fire breaks out on Old Assembly Close in Edinburgh leaving 400 people homeless.
1826 - Charles Darwin begins studying medicine at Edinburgh University.
1826 - The Royal Scottish Academy is founded.
1827 - Burke and Hare commit their first murder in a spree that would last 12 months.
1829 - Burke and Hare are found guilty of murder and are hanged in Edinburgh.
1829 - The National Monument is erected.
1830 - McVitie & Price Ltd, biscuit makers, are founded and set up on Rose Street.
1833 - John Menzies opens a book shop on Princes Street.
1833 - The city goes bankrupt, partly due to the development of Leith docks.
1841 - Charles Dickens is awarded the Freedom of the City of Edinburgh.
1842 - The Edinburgh to Glasgow railway line is opened to the public.
1846 - The Scott Monument is erected.
1851 - The population of Edinburgh reaches 170,000.
1856 - The burgh of Canongate becomes part of Edinburgh.
1859 - The National Gallery opens.
1861 - The One O'Clock Gun is fired for the first time by electrical arrangement.
1864 - The last public execution takes place in the city of George Bryce, the Ratho murderer.
1867 - The Scotsman newspaper incorporates the Caledonian Mercury.
1869 - Sophia Jex-Blake becomes the first female medical student.
1870 - The Royal Infirmary is built on Lauriston Place.
1870 - Fettes College opens.
1871 - The first international rugby match is played at Edinburgh Academy cricket club. The leading Scottish clubs played their English counterparts, and won by a single goal.
1872 - Greyfriars Bobby dies aged 16, and is buried near his owner, John Gray, at Greyfriars Kirkyard.
1874 - Heart of Midlothian Football Club is founded.
1875 - Hibernian Football Club is founded.
1875 - The Cockburn Association (Edinburgh Civic Trust) is founded.
1876 - Intelligible human speech is heard over the telephone for the first time when Alexander Graham Bell calls to Watson: "Mr. Watson. Come here. I want to see you.".
1878 - Bell demonstrates the telephone for Queen Victoria.
1883 - Robert Louis Stevenson, born in Edinburgh, publishes Treasure Island as a novel.
1886 - The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde is published by Stevenson.
1889 - The Scottish National Portrait Gallery opens on Queen Street.
1890 - The Forth Rail Bridge is opened by the Prince of Wales.
1892 - McVitie's devise Digestive Biscuits.
1893 - Sherlock Holmes is killed off in the story The Final Problem by Arthur Conan Doyle.
1895 - Edinburgh is lit by electricity.