Continuing south you will reach Canonbie which lies on the Scottish border at the end of Liddesdale where the River Liddel joins the River Esk. The Armstrongs were given the lands of Liddesdale in recognition for their services to an early Scottish king. Here was the Clan Chief's seat and the site of their stronghold. It was said that they could muster 3,000 horsemen and were in virtual control of all the border lands. Canonbie is the site of Gilnockie Tower and the Clan Armstrong Trust Museum which has Armstrong genealogical records, artifacts and memorabilia. The tower dates from the 16th century and provides fantastic views across the Armstrong heartland. A beacon grate perched on the roof was used as part of a signalling system.
Also in the area is Rowanburn, where a carving commemorates Alexander Armstrong, a reiver executed in 1606 who was also known as Lang Sandy. The cross-border conflicts were officially ended with the union of the Scottish and English crowns in 1603, however in 1610 the last Armstrong Clan chief to be hanged for reiving met his unfortunate fate.
Take the road north east along the Liddesdale valley. One mile to the south of Newcastleton you will find the Milnholm Cross, which is a memorial to the respected and much loved Laird Alexander Armstrong who was murdered by William de Soulis in 1318. The de Soulis family seat was at Hermitage Castle a few miles north of Newcastleton. Find out about the grissly deed and the legend of the nasty end which de Soulis is said to have suffered as a consequence of this murder.
Half a mile along the side road from the Milnholm Cross is Ettleton Cemetery, Alexander's final resting place, together with many other Armstrongs. From this cemetery the remains of Mangerton Tower, the family's first power base in Scotland, can be seen.