Flora & Fauna in July

Many fascinating species of bird call Scotland home. Nesting in cliffs, in the tall trees of dense forests or on lonesome islands, millions of birds choose to reside here in Scotland’s rolling landscapes. Some of the most beautiful are the birds of prey that prowl its skies.

While in winter they embark on an epic flight to the west coast of Africa, ospreys take up residence in Scotland near pine forests, fresh water lochs and rivers where they hunt for fish from March to August. Although the core population of ospreys in the UK are predominantly found in and around the Highlands, ospreys can be seen near Wigtown in Dumfries & Galloway and Loch of the Lowes in Perthshire thanks to wildlife reintroduction projects.

With a wingspan of 2 m, golden eagles are Scotland’s top predator. It can be found all year round in the remote glens, islands, mountains and moorland of the north and west of Scotland. They settle in tall trees, where they built a nest known as an ‘eyrie’, or in rocky cliff faces. They tend to mate for life and patrol their own traditional hunting and nesting grounds which have been used by generations.

Once numerous around the country, many birds of prey native to the UK are now rare or already extinct. Luckily, some of these magnificent species can still be spotted around Scotland in varying habitats and locations and, in the wild, are an awe-inspiring sight to behold.