The principal theme of the Museum is the Tweed's role in the development of the sport of rod and line fishing with rod, line and fly over the past 250 years : how the author / anglers of the Tweed popularised and romanticised the arts of the sport. From the Tweed and from the sports centre of equipment and crafts in Kelso, how from Kelso the sport, by 1860 had spread worldwide.
The Museum displays include some 2,000 artifacts and makes extensive use of audio visual film , maps of salmon pools from the 1820's, models of large salmon caught including one of 70 lbs caught by the Earl of Home, the largest salmon ever caught by rod and line in the UK and for which there is credible evidence.
Displays also include maps, vintage tackle including rods, reels, lines and flies. The nature of the riverbank is featured with displays of flora and fauna, environmental issues, conservation and education.