Timeline of Ayrshire & Arran 1800 BC - 2014 AD

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  • Looking across grass to Loudoun Hill, by Darvel
    Loudoun Hill, by Darvel
  • Looking onto standing stones at Machie Moor
    Machrie Moor, Arran
  •  The Old Course at Prestwick Golf Club, with a view behind to the town itself, Ayrshire.
    The Old Course at Prestwick Golf Club, with a view behind to the town itself, Ayrshire.
  • People sit outside on tables and chairs at the Robert Burns Birthplace Museum
    Robert Burns Birthplace Museum, Alloway
  • Looking onto the Pencil Monument by the shore in Largs
    The Pencil Monument, by Largs

The truly fascinating history of Ayrshire & Arran dates back over thousands of years and boasts stories of Viking battles, haunting standing stones, a world-renowned poet, scientist and iconic golfing moments.

Take a look through this timeline and discover more about the intriguing history of Ayrshire & Arran.

1800 - 1600 BC - The haunting standing stones of Machrie Moor are built on Arran. Witness the hole through one of the standing stones, thought to be where legendary giant warrior Fingal tethered his dog Bran whilst he ate.

800 AD - The Vikings took control of the Firth of Clyde.

1263 AD - On a beach near the town of Largs, the Battle of Largs took place on October 2nd between the kingdoms of Norway and Scotland. Vikingar! has an amazing 20-minute, five-screen film presentation which follows one Viking family through generations of turmoil, battle and adventure. The Ayrshire Coastal Path takes in castles, forts and the Pencil Monument (erected in 1912) which commemorates the eventual victory over the raiding Vikings.

1297 AD - William Wallace led a successful ambush of King Edward I’s troops and baggage train at Loudoun Hill.

1315 AD - Ayr was the location of Scotland’s first sitting of the Scottish Parliament, initiated by another great Scot, Robert the Bruce.

1759 AD - Scotland’s favourite son and National Bard, Robert Burns, was born in Alloway. You can visit ‘Auld Clay Biggin’, the magnificent small thatched cottage where young ‘Rabbie’ was born and learn more at the wonderful Robert Burns Birthplace Museum.

1780 AD - The Bachelors’ Club in Tarbolton was established by Robert Burns with the aim of promoting friendship through the art of debate. 

1851 AD - The Cathedral of the Isles is opened, the smallest cathedral in Europe.

1860 AD - The prestigious Old Prestwick course played host to the very first Open on 17 October, when eight professional golfers made history, playing rounds on the 12-hole course in one day.

1868 AD - Prestwick was the location of the first known hole in one by Tom Morris Jnr.

1881 AD - Sir Alexander Fleming, the man who discovered penicillin, was born at Lochfield Farm near Darvel.