1 July 1881- 17 September 1994
Castlehill Barracks, Aberdeen
The regiment inherited its nickname ‘The Gay Gordons’ from its parent regiment the 92nd Foot.
The Cock o’ the North, St Andrew’s Cross and The Garb of Old Gaul
As with most of the Scottish regiments which served during the Great War, the Gordon Highlanders were formed following Childers Reforms in 1881 which amalgamated the 75th (Stirlingshire) Regiment of Foot and the 92nd (Gordon Highlanders) Regiment of Foot.
The 75th Foot was raised in 1787 by Colonel Robert Abercromby of Tullibody for service in India and would later see action in the Indian Mutiny, South Africa, Egypt and on the North West Frontier.
The 92nd Foot was raised as the 100th Highlanders by the Duke of Gordon in 1794 and served in the Low Countries, Egypt, Corunna, the Peninsular War at the Battle of Waterloo, the Second Afghan War, and the First Boer War. After its formation, the regiment distinguished itself in Egypt at the Battle of Tel-El-Kebir, during operations on the North West Frontier in India, and during the Second Boer War.
First World War:
The regiment raised 21 battalions during the First World War, serving on the Western Front and in Italy. An estimated 50,000 men served with the regiment over the course of the conflict with around 9,000 killed and 20,000 wounded or reported missing. It received 57 battle honours and four of its servicemen were awarded the Victoria Cross.
Unlike most other active service regiments, the Gordon Highlanders did not serve in any other combat zones with the exception of the 2nd Gordons, who were sent as part of the joint Anglo-French forces to aid the Italians following their defeat by Austro-German forces at the Battle of Caporetto in 1917.
Did you know?
- The picture above depicts the Christmas Truce, an unofficial ceasefire between German and British troops along the Western Front at Christmas in 1914. Two battalions of the Gordons took part in the truce and the 2nd Gordons are pictured here with the Germans.
- Jimmy MacBeath, the legendary Scottish folk singer and traveller served with the regiment during the First World War.