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Unwrapping Scottish superstitions, traditions and customs on Friday 13th

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Friday the 13th is once again upon us. For the sceptics amongst you, it’s just like any other day, but for those who believe in the mystical forces surrounding luck, it’s a day to be wary and tread with caution – avoid black cats, magpies and walking under ladders.

In a country with such a rich heritage as Scotland, it’s not surprising that a number of superstitions derive from here, and we have one or two curious customs that many still adhere to today. And yes, they may seem rather strange!

Here are just a few superstitions and traditions that may well have their origins in Scotland, some of which have been provided by our followers on social media and the iKnow community members.

Baaa-d luck…

A flock of sheep in Perthshire

Some farmers, particularly in the north of Scotland, believe that the birth of a black-faced sheep brings bad luck for all the flock; this is where the expression ‘black sheep of the family’ originates. If a sheep has twins, both born with black faces, this indicates that a poor lambing season lies ahead.

Something fishy going on…

Fishing boats in Stornoway, Isle of Lewis

Fishing boats in Stornoway, Isle of Lewis

Fishing communities are known for having lots of superstitions and customs. Scottish fishermen in the likes of the Outer Hebrides and the East Neuk of Fife would not sail if they passed a minister on the way to their fishing boats, as it was believed this was a bad omen.

White will set you right…

Lucky white heather © iStock

Lucky white heather © iStock

While purple heather blooms in abundance on our hillsides, white heather is a lot less common, but is supposedly very, very lucky indeed. The origins of this lie in a Celtic legend dating from the 3rd century. Malvina, daughter of legendary warrior-poet Ossian, cried after finding out her lover had died in battle, her tears supposedly turning purple heather white. Malvina declared, ‘Although it is the symbol of my sorrow, may the white heather bring good fortune to all who find it.’

Historically, clansmen would wear white heather in battles for protection, and even nowadays at weddings, grooms will often wear sprigs of the flower in their buttonhole and Scottish brides have the bloom in their bouquet.

A sterling gift…

Known as the practice of ‘handselling’, it’s considered lucky to place silver, often a coin, in a new born baby’s hand. This would supposedly bring great wealth to them in later life. In modern times, silver spoons are sometimes gifted at Christenings.

Halloween’s Celtic connections…

Apple dooking

Dookin’ for apples

It has been said that Scotland in fact invented the tradition of Halloween and the superstitions and traditions around it. The celebration as we know it today derived from the old Celtic pagan festival of Samhain. Dressing up, known as guising, was a way to disguise yourself from the fairies and spirits, and offerings of food would be made.

The tradition of ‘dookin’ for apples, where children attempt to retrieve apples from a bucket of water using only their mouths is thought to be a reference back to the days of the druids. According to ancient druid lore, apples were considered to be a sacred fruit.

Halloween is just right around the corner – experience some thrills this October in Scotland and find spooky events, haunted locations and more.

Start the New Year off on the right foot…

First footing, a Hogmanay tradition

In the New Year, or Hogmanay, as we like to call it, Scottish people “first-foot” one another, which means to be the first to enter into somebody else’s home. Traditionally, the first-footer should be a tall, dark haired gent who comes bearing gifts of coal, a silver coin, black bun, salt and whisky, symbolising good fortune for the coming year. This most likely became an established tradition because of the invasion of fair-haired Vikings in the 8th century.

Feel renewed with May dew…

Arthur's Seat and the city of Edinburgh seen from Blackford Hill

Arthur’s Seat and the city of Edinburgh

On 1 May, it was traditional for young ladies to wash their faces in the morning dew. In Edinburgh in years gone by, you’d often see ladies flock to Arthur’s Seat for the ritual, which promised good fortune along with vitality and beauty for the year to come. It’s a pagan custom which has been observed in Scotland for hundreds of years.

 

Do you know of any old Scottish superstitions, traditions or customs? Join in the conversation on the iKnow community. Scotland also has a whole load of enthralling myths and legends just waiting to be discovered – find out more in our myths and legends eBook.

 

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