Coronavirus (COVID-19) advice. You can now search our website to see what businesses are open and signed up to the Good to Go scheme. Find more advice on exploring Scotland during Covid-19 on our dedicated page.

The Blog

10 Things You Didn’t Know About Cities in Scotland

View Comments

Scotland is home to seven beautiful, bright and vibrant cities, each of which boasts their own unique character and many secrets and gems to explore. Whether you fancy stepping back in time and learning all about Scotland’s fascinating past, or uncovering our special and elusive wildlife, or even delving into our glistening lochs and rivers in the Year of Coasts & Waters, there will be something for you in Scotland.

Keep reading to find out a variety of interesting and unique things about Scotland’s cities that you probably didn’t know.

1. Scotland’s UNESCO Cities

Scotland is home to not one, not two, but three UNESCO recognised cities; Edinburgh is a City of Literature, Glasgow is a City of Music, and Dundee is a City of Design. Head along to these cities and you’ll be sure to see why! Edinburgh is home to the Scottish Storytelling Centre, is the said birthplace of the Harry Potter novels by J.K Rowling, and is home to world-famous writers, poets and playwrights, including Arthur Conan Doyle and Walter Scott.

Glasgow boasts a legendary music scene that encompasses everything from contemporary and classical, to Celtic, country and more. Alongside its music, Glasgow’s venues are equally eclectic and varied and host an average 130 music events each week, more than any other Scottish city.

You can’t roam far in Dundee without coming across a spectacular piece of art or design. Aside from creative design, Dundee has contributed to the world with inventions and discoveries of everyday products, like the adhesive postage stamp and aspirin, to the creation of cultural icons in comics and video games, as well as innovations in textile and print.

2. Scotland has 3 Capitals

View this post on Instagram

Once upon a time, St John’s Kirk in Perth was in need of a bell. It was transported by boat along the River Tay to Friarton Island (also known as Moncrieffe Island), which can be seen here – the railway crosses its northern tip. Near Friarton Island is Friarton Hole, where the river gets very deep indeed. As the big, heavy, unwieldy church bell was being hauled off the boat, it slipped and fell into the depths of Friarton Hole. Oh dear. Years later, a diver thought he’d retrieve the bell (although quite how he thought he’d drag it back up alone, we don’t know). Off he went, down, down, down into the Tay. And then he popped back up, breathless and bell-less. The diver looked scared silly, and said he had seen the bell. Slight problemette, however: the devil and his wife were busy making porridge in it. The bell has never been seen again since. Is it still at the bottom of the Tay? If any of you are divers, let’s find out! 📸: River Tay at Perth image (cropped) by Mike Pennington via geograph.org.uk/p/3605744 (CC BY-SA 2.0 licence). . . . #perth #perthscotland #rivertay #moncrieffeisland #friartonperth #stjohnskirk #discoverperth #discoverscotland #riversofinstagram #scotlandisbeautiful #scotlandlover #discoverunder5k #discoverunder3k #schottland #ecosse #escocia #scozia #scottishhistory #scottishmythsandlegends #legendaryscotlanddigitaldayout #legendaryscotland

A post shared by Legendary Scotland 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 (@legendaryscotland) on

We’re not joking! Of course, we all know that the magnificent city of Edinburgh is Scotland’s capital, but let’s delve back in time. The fair city of Perth was once the ancient capital city of Scotland. From the 9th century all the way to 1437, Perth was the historic capital city of Scotland, and nearby Scone Palace was a famed crowning place for many Scottish kings and queens. Elsewhere, Inverness is known as the Capital of the Highlands and is a popular city for visitors to explore whilst they are touring the spectacular Highlands and northern corners of Scotland.

3. The World’s Oldest Football was found in Stirling Castle

Head to Stirling where the popular Stirling Castle is home to some interesting points in Scottish history. The world’s oldest football was found in Mary Queen of Scots’ chamber during renovations at Stirling Castle in 1981. The football was made from a pig’s bladder, covered in cow leather with large, visible stitching and was smaller than modern footballs.

Another interesting fact about Stirling Castle is that it was once occupied by Edward I of England when he invaded Scotland and found the castle abandoned. Stirling Castle was taken by the English after the Battle of Stirling Bridge in 1297, but the ownership of the castle continued to switch several times between the English and Scots during the Scottish Wars of Independence.

4. Aberdeen’s Golfing Paradise

Scotland is The Home of Golf and boasts over 500 courses, greens and fairways up and down the country in every region, providing a true golfing paradise for the avid golfers. With a wide variety of courses to suit everyone, from the beginners all the way to the experienced pros, there’s something for everyone. Aberdeen is home to more than 70 courses, all within an hour’s drive of Aberdeen Airport, which were designed by top names in golf architecture, such as Old Tom Morris, James Braid and Dr Martin Hawtree.

5. Glasgow is bursting with arts and culture

View this post on Instagram

Glasgow, this beautiful city is home to some incredible art galleries, museums, and beautifully designed buildings. We share our tips for a visit to this culturally vibrant place, and don’t forget to save them for later!⁣ ⁣ 1. Kelvingrove Art Gallery and Museum: one of the most impressive museums in Glasgow. It offers natural history, armour, and many different pieces of art. 🎨⁣ 2. University of Glasgow: for the Harry Potter fans – it feels like arriving in Hogwarts when visiting this university!⁣ Definitely worth a visit. 3. Pollok House: discover an extensive collection of Spanish art in this beautiful country house. 📸⁣ ⁣ Have you ever been to Glasgow?

A post shared by Short Stay Citizens (@shortstaycitizens) on

A vibrant and entertaining city, Glasgow boasts a prominent arts and culture scene. Home to more than 20 museums, some of which are free to enter, there will be plenty to discover on your trip to Scotland’s biggest city. Delve into the life and works of one of Scotland’s most famous artists, Charles Rennie Mackintosh, and tour around the city to spot many of his designs in attractions such as the Mackintosh at the Willow, The Lighthouse, and House for An Art Lover. There are many other galleries and centres in Glasgow where you can explore the city’s artistic side, such as the Gallery of Modern Art, Kelvingrove Art Gallery & Museum, the Hunterian Art Gallery and more.

6. Scotland’s Incredible Wildlife

You don’t need to be nestled in the lush countryside of Scotland to witness our elusive wildlife. In fact, Scotland has had its fair share of interesting encounters with all sorts of animals throughout the years.

Edinburgh Castle was once home to an elephant! Yes, you heard that right. In 1838, the 78th Highlanders returned from a post out in Sri Lanka and brought an elephant back with them as their regimental mascot. It was later said that, in true Scottish style, it quickly developed a love for beer!

Elsewhere, the world’s only knighted penguin lives at Edinburgh Zoo. Sir Nils Olav lives among the rest of the penguin colony in Penguins Rock, which also includes the largest outdoor penguin pool in Europe, and at the zoo you can even see a 4-foot tall bronze statue of Sir Nils.

On Scotland’s north east coast, keep your eyes peeled for bottlenose dolphins and basking sharks which often make an appearance in the Moray Firth and off the Aberdeenshire coastline. Or head inland where you can visit Scotland’s only safari park, Blair Drummond in Stirling.

7. Edinburgh is the greenest city in the UK

View this post on Instagram

Sunshine is scarce in Scotland but when the sun does shin, you cannot resist to sit down in Princes Street garden and soak in the atmosphere. The view of the newly refurbished Ross fountain with it’s majestic gold and green colours. Lift your head slightly to see the most famous landmark of Edinburgh and that is the mighty Edinburgh Castle. Nothing beats this view! #scotland #visitscotland #lovescotland #hiddenscotland #thisisscotland #greatshots #insta #unlimitedscotland #explorescotland #instascotland #scotlandshots #scotspirit #travel #nature #highlands #photography #scotlandlover #scotlandsbeauty #landscape #scotlandtravel #scotlandphotography #scotlandexplore #scotlandhighlands #historicscotland #edinburgh #edinburghscotland #castle #gardan #rossfountain #summertime

A post shared by Michael (@michaelexploring) on

Did you know that Edinburgh is home to 112 parks and gardens? In a recent study, Edinburgh took the top spot, closely followed by Aberdeen and Glasgow, for its abundance of green spaces and low pollution levels. The study compared factors such as air quality, pollution and single-use plastic use.

Scotland is home to hundreds of incredible parks and gardens, the majority of which are free to enter and create the perfect tranquil place to relax and watch the world go by. Whether you want to chill in the sun under the towering Edinburgh Castle in Princes Street Gardens, wander among the exotic species in the Royal Botanic Gardens, or hike up an extinct volcano in Holyrood Park, there’s plenty to choose from in Edinburgh.

8. Glasgow is home to one of the oldest underground railway systems in the world

View this post on Instagram

🤔 Who can tell us which station this is?

A post shared by Glasgow Subway (@glasgow_subway) on

Have you ever heard of the expression ‘Clockwork Orange’? Glasgow’s underground railway system is often referred to as the ‘Clockwork Orange’ because of its unique colour. The city’s subway opened in 1896 and is the third oldest underground railway system in the world, after the London Underground and Budapest Metro. It’s one of the easiest ways to get around the city centre and West End of Scotland’s largest city, with 15 stations, affordable fares and easy maps to follow, it’s a great transport choice.

9. The richest square mile in the UK was in Dundee

Dundee is a compact, cosmopolitan city that is known for its design and innovations throughout the centuries. It is the fourth largest city in Scotland and is home to the suburb of Broughty Ferry which was once referred to as the richest square mile in Europe. The jute industry in Dundee was one of the city’s main trades and the jute barons saw Broughty Ferry to be the ideal place to build their mansions. It was therefore recognised as being more prosperous than any other location in the UK or Europe.

Today Broughty Ferry is a popular spot for tourists to visit. With its ancient castle and beautiful stretch of beach, it’s the perfect place to visit if you fancy a break from the city but don’t want to stray too far. The views are excellent too!

10. Scotland’s Cities boast some of the longest rivers and deepest lochs in the UK

We’d be here all day if you wanted to count all the rushing rivers and glistening lochs in Scotland, so just take it from us, there’s a lot! You can find these incredible natural features in all the nooks and crannies of Scotland and, yes, you guessed correctly, even in our spectacular cities.

The River Tay passes through Perthshire and the ‘Fair City’ of Perth, and is the longest river in Scotland, stretching for a massive 119 miles. Further north in Inverness, Loch Ness holds more fresh water than all the lochs and lakes in England and Wales combined. It is 23 miles long and about a mile wide. Given its staggering size, we wouldn’t be surprised if Nessie really was hiding in there!

We hope this has broadened your knowledge of Scotland’s amazing cities and inspired you to come and visit them for yourself. Why not plan a city break? Or follow one of our handy 24-hour city itineraries to help you make the most of your trip in Scotland.

Comments

Cookie Policy

VisitScotland uses cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By using our website you consent to our use of cookies. Please read our privacy and cookies statement for more information.