En ma Fin gît mon Commencement...
(In my End is my Beginning…)
Mary Queen of Scots is one of history's true enigmas. Historians know plenty about what she did and where she went during her short life, but the debate still rages on who she was; a selfless martyr, spurred on by passion for her country and devotion to God, or an icy and manipulative adulteress, capable of murder to achieve her political ambitions?
It's time to decide for yourself - explore the life and times of Mary Queen of Scots and learn about the events surrounding her life and reign in the fantastic guide, Discover Something About Mary Queen of Scots.
Bring her story to life and visit the places where some of the most dramatic events took place. In museums, exhibits and collections, feast your eyes on some fascinating objects associated with her, including jewellery, documents, instruments, textiles and more, and see her immortalised in works of art.
9 key facts
- Born 8 December 1542 in Linlithgow Palace.
- Crowned Queen of Scots in the Chapel Royal, Stirling Castle, aged just nine months.
- Smuggled to France aged five, where she lived until she was 18.
- Gave birth to her only child in Edinburgh Castle. He would rise to become James VI of Scotland and I of England.
- Some believe she arranged to have her first husband, Lord Darnley, assassinated.
- Married for a second time to Lord Bothwell - some believe he abducted her against her will.
- Imprisoned for almost a year in Lochleven Castle in Kinross before managing to escape.
- Last hours in Scotland were spent in Dundrennan Abbey in Dumfries & Galloway before journeying to England to seek protection from her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I.
- Confined in England for 18 years before Elizabeth sanctioned her death warrant and she was beheaded. She died 8 February 1587 in Fotheringhay Castle.
Find out more
- Lennoxlove House, near Haddington, East Lothian, where you can see her death mask
- John Gray Centre, a library, museum and archive, also in Haddington, which displays documents signed and sealed by Mary.
- Blairs Museum, Aberdeen where a memorial portrait of Mary on the day of her execution is on display
- Mary Queen of Scots Visitor Centre, Jedburgh, Scottish Borders, for information about her visit to the town in 1566.
- Scottish National Portrait Gallery, Edinburgh for several posthumous paintings.
- National Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh for jewellery and other artefacts belonging to Mary.