The Seaforth Highlanders were one of four world-renowned Scottish regiments which had its roots in the regiments originally raised from clans and communities of the Highlands and islands in the late 17th century. It served in several major overseas campaigns and many operations during World War I
- The Seaforth Highlanders were formed following the merging of the 72nd Highlanders (Duke of Albany's Own) with the 78th Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs) in 1881.
- It became the county regiment for several northern Scottish counties, including Orkney, and saw military action in the Anglo-Egyptian War, Chitral Expedition, Second Sudan War and Second Boer War.
- In 1961, it joined forces with the Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders to form the Queen's Own Highlanders, which then merged with the Gordon Highlanders to form the Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons).